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The question of how to remove lice from a child can arise even among the most clean and caring parents from prosperous backgrounds.
Children are most susceptible to infection with pediculosis, as they are often and actively in contact with peers, and their immune system is weaker than in adults.
Lice in children appear quite often, and this does not always mean that the child lives in poor conditions or does not follow the rules of personal hygiene.
Pediculosis is an extremely contagious disease, and with daily visits to children's institutions, the risk of getting sick is very high.
Head lice are tiny insects that affect the scalp and feed on human blood.
When stinging, lice secrete poisonous saliva, which causes severe itching in humans, as a result, the skin becomes covered with scratches and inflamed wounds.
To reduce the likelihood of contracting pediculosis, you need to teach the child not to wear other people's clothes and hats, and also not to share their personal belongings, such as combs, hair clips or hair bands.
Girls should collect their hair in neat hairstyles, as lice can run from person to person on touching strands.
It must be remembered that the weaker the immune system, the higher the likelihood of infection with pediculosis, therefore, to reduce the risk, it is necessary to take preventive measures to raise immunity.
If the infection still occurred, do not hesitate to consult a doctor.
A dermatologist will help you choose an effective remedy suitable for a child of a certain age.
In the treatment of lice, it is necessary to follow some rules:
No remedy for the removal of lice and nits is completely safe.
When applying any drug, it is necessary to carefully monitor that it does not get on the skin or in the eyes, and thoroughly rinse the hair after treatment.
At the slightest sign of allergies, such as burning or redness, you need to completely wash off the product from your head and consult a doctor.
All methods of treating pediculosis should be accompanied by combing dead insects from the hair.
Removing nits without pre-treatment is almost useless, lice produce a sticky substance with which the eggs are firmly attached to the hair.
When applying a remedy, adult insects die, and the sticky substance dissolves, as a result, you can comb out lice and nits without any difficulties.
This is done with the help of a special medical comb with frequent hard teeth.
For maximum effectiveness, pin all hair upwards, leaving only one segment free.
Separate small strands from the main mass of hair and hold the comb from the roots to the ends 5 to 7 times, remove the treated strand to the side so that it does not come into contact with the part of the hair from which the lice have not yet been combed.
Repeat the procedure several times immediately after treatment, then after 3, 7 and 10 days.
This is done to remove all dead insects as well as live young lice that may hatch from the remaining nits.
For the treatment of children older than 5 years, almost all pharmacy drugs can be used to remove lice and nits.
Now on the market there are products in the form of shampoos, sprays, creams and lotions.
Spray, shampoo and lotion "Pediculene Ultra" are designed specifically for children over the age of 5 years.
This product does not contain insecticides and other toxic ingredients, but it allows you to quickly get rid of lice and nits.
The spray and lotion are made on the basis of anise oil, which paralyzes and kills insects, and the composition of the shampoo includes petroleum jelly, which blocks their respiratory tract.
Shampoo "Itax" contains an insecticidal substance - phenothrin. Before use, you need to wash your hair with a regular shampoo, then dry your hair with a towel and apply the product, paying special attention to the areas on the back of the head and behind the ears.
After 10 minutes, the hair must be thoroughly washed and combed out the wet strands with a comb. Shampoo "Itax" is suitable for children over 2 years old.
Another tool that allows you to quickly get rid of parasites is the aerosol "Para Plus". It consists of two insecticidal substances - malathion and permethrin.
This tool can be used to process bed linen and personal belongings.
The solution "Full Marks" is applied to dry hair, rubbing into the scalp and distributing along the entire length.
After 10 minutes, you need to comb out the dead parasites and rinse your hair with a regular shampoo without using balms or conditioners.
The liquid is odorless and suitable for children with bronchial asthma.
Tincture of chemerica is a long-known remedy for the treatment of pediculosis in children, which receives the most positive reviews.
Lice die as a result of poisoning with alkaloids contained in chamerica. Before applying chameric water, you need to wash your hair with a regular shampoo, and then apply the solution to the skin and hair with a cotton swab.
After that, the head is insulated, leaving the product for 30 to 40 minutes. After combing the parasites, the head is once again thoroughly washed.
Now in pharmacies you can buy such a high-tech device to combat pediculosis, as an electric comb.
Between its teeth there are discharges of current that kill adult insects. It is necessary to carry out the combing procedure with the help of an electric comb daily for 10 days.
The tool is good because it has no contraindications and is suitable for the youngest children.
In addition to medications, proven folk methods are also used to get rid of lice and nits.
Their effectiveness is not always high, but many of these remedies do not contain toxins, so they can be used to treat young children.
The most famous home remedy for parasites is kerosene. Despite the fact that this method can hardly be called harmless, it is often used to treat pediculosis in children.
Pure kerosene will damage the delicate skin of the child, so it must be diluted.
To prepare the emulsion, mix a tablespoon of kerosene with a teaspoon of vegetable oil and two teaspoons of shampoo.
Keep the mixture on the head for quite a long time, from 1 to 1.5 hours, otherwise the treatment will be ineffective.
Difficulties in application, causticism and a sharp unpleasant smell of kerosene make parents less and less likely to resort to this method of treatment.
The choice of modern pediculicides is quite large, and any of them can cope with insects quickly and effectively.
Another folk remedy for getting rid of lice and nits is tar soap. It is completely harmless, affordable and quite effective, which is confirmed by the reviews of parents.
For treatment, you just need to soap wet hair and leave a foam on the hair for 40 minutes. Then the soap is washed off and begin to comb out the nits.
Not everyone knows that you can get rid of lice and nits with the help of a conventional air conditioner.
It is abundantly applied to wet clean hair and comb the hair with a comb.
The lice will be combed out along with the air conditioner.
In most cases, home remedies give a worse result than pharmacy drugs.
With the use of properly selected pediculicides and preventive measures, you can cure a child of pediculosis in the shortest possible time and without harm to his health.
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