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Even now, with the availability of many modern means, the question of how to get rid of nits, alas, remains relevant.
Until now, people are faced with the problems of parasites that can attack and torment the whole family for a long time.
Sometimes lice and nits are very difficult to remove at home from hair, especially from long ones.
Encountering such a problem, people begin to seek help from a variety of means, including folk ones, which can, if used incorrectly, create additional problems.
If at home periodically do not carry out the prevention of pediculosis, the disease is detected already at the stage when there are both adults (lice) and their larvae (nits) in the hair.
Most often, the symptoms of pediculosis begin to bother a person about 20 days (3-4 weeks) after infection, when the parasites have already multiplied and laid the larvae of the 2nd generation.
Many bites begin to cause discomfort, and the waste products of parasites may even begin to cause allergic reactions. By this point, the presence of nits on the hair also becomes apparent.
An adult parasite is transmitted from person to person through direct contact.
That is, it can be a touch during communication, it can be an accidental touch of clothes or the use of someone else's comb, which has parasites on it.
Sometimes it is enough to sit on the sofa or armchair after an infected person, if parasites remain on the furniture.
Therefore, at home, during everyday communication, lice often become a common family problem.
Lice, unlike fleas, cannot jump from carrier to carrier or surface to surface. There must be direct contact for the parasite to crawl.
An individual becomes capable of reproduction in about 2 weeks (the exact period of development depends on many factors - temperature, dry air, etc.) after "hatching" from the cocoon.
Ideal for the development and life of parasites is the usual room temperature for the house in the range from 20 to 30 degrees. Every day, an adult parasite can lay 3-4 eggs.
The lifespan of lice is 46 days, during which time the female lays about 140 eggs. At temperatures below 20 degrees, their vital activity and development processes slow down, and the rate of reproduction decreases.
Why do parasites come back again and again? There are several options.
Even with high-quality procedures, the likelihood of re-infection remains.
You can get infected from other family members, if not all at the same time and diligently carried out treatment.
Parasites can remain on furniture, on bed linen and other items.
Lice without food can live for about two days (and if the ambient temperature is low, about 10 - 12 degrees, then all 10 days due to a decrease in metabolism).
So mandatory disinfection should be subjected to the home environment.
Re-infection can also occur from people outside the home. Children often infect each other in kindergartens, schools and during joint games on the street.
Therefore, it is important to report it to the staff of the educational institution if a problem arises, so that all children undergo the necessary examinations.
Often, people confuse re-infection with the consequences of poor-quality procedures carried out at home, when such a new settlement of parasites does not occur, just after insufficiently thorough hair treatment, nits remain to live, from which it is much more difficult to get rid of than from adults.
From the nits, in turn, new parasites develop, which after 14 to 20 days (depending on the conditions) are ready to multiply again.
If adults can be relatively quickly and easily destroyed with the help of various toxic means or using more modern means that provoke suffocation and dehydration of parasites, then nits are protected by a special shell through which it is difficult for most poisons to penetrate.
Eggs cannot be "suffocated" because at this stage the imago does not need to breathe. Therefore, the main problem of pediculosis is precisely the question of how to get rid of nits.
Nits are lice eggs covered with a protective shell and attached with a special substance to the hair. This whole structure is called by one word "nits".
The stage of development of the parasite lasts about a week (sometimes 8 days), after which a larva appears from the cocoon.
Nits do not need nutrition, do not breathe and do not have the ability to move. Due to the dense shell, the cocoon is relatively resistant to mechanical damage (it is difficult to accidentally damage the nits without making special efforts).
The same shell is able to prevent various toxins from developing inside the larva.
Nits are attached by adults in the root part of the hair - most often in the back of the head, on the temples and behind the ears, at a distance of about 20 mm from the scalp.
They look like small white dense sacs, tightly attached to the hair.
It is simply very difficult to choose such formations with your hands: firstly, nits are difficult to remove, and secondly, there can be a lot of them.
As a result, it is easy to overlook and miss a few eggs, especially in long and thick hair. This will negate the whole procedure.
Washing your hair with ordinary shampoos and the frequency of moisturizing will not affect the development of nits.
There are several options for getting rid of lice and nits at home:
Since it is very difficult to get rid of the nits themselves, you can act in several stages, getting rid of adult parasites, skipping the larval stage.
This is done with the help of a variety of shampoos or folk remedies that quickly kill adults.
As a rule, all special pharmacy products must be kept on the hair for about 20 minutes.
After that, dead or weakened parasites are disposed of by washing or combing them out of the hair.
After 7 to 8 days, when the rest of the young parasites are removed from the nits, the procedure is repeated.
Since all the larvae were bred, and the young did not have time to lay eggs again, the problem of nits is solved by itself. Of course, provided that the entire population to the last individual of the parasite is eliminated.
One of the most drastic and effective ways is to shave your head naked. But this is a very specific method, although reliable, and is not suitable for everyone.
With its help, both parasites and nits are eliminated, as the area and, in fact, the hair to which the eggs are attached are destroyed.
The next time-consuming, but the most effective option for getting rid of nits is combing with a comb.
On sale there are many special combs: they can be both plastic and metal (for example, "Pediculene").
Even more modern electric models of combs are very efficient at work, killing parasites and nits with weak current discharges.
Such combs will help to qualitatively solve the problem, leaving the hair of the required length, without adversely affecting their condition and the health of the scalp.
Combing is not traumatic, not dangerous for the patient, which makes this method available for children of any age and for pregnant or lactating women.
The biggest difficulty is not to miss the parasites or their eggs in the process of combing.
This procedure is long (especially without experience or without first withstanding special means for 20 minutes, which would weaken the parasites), requires endurance, observation and patience.
There is a special service "LifeAway", whose specialists when called provide services that help to cope with the problem.
Also, employees will teach the technique of proper combing of parasites and their eggs for the future. All procedures are carried out at home, in a familiar comfortable environment.
Often combing is combined with the use of various insecticides that destroy or weaken adults, and also make it easier to separate the membranes of nits from the structure of the hair.
Most lice remedies, for example, the products of the Paranid line, involve subsequent combing with a comb (which is even sold complete with shampoo) to improve the result, thus making it unnecessary to re-apply the product.
By the way, an important point in the use of such substances (sprays, shampoos) is the strict adherence to the instructions.
After all, violation of the rules prescribed in the manual is fraught, at a minimum, with the ineffectiveness of the procedure, and as a maximum - with side effects from the drug.
If the instruction involves keeping the product on the hair for 20 minutes (the average time for such substances), you should not overexpose it even with the best of intentions.
Often people, wondering how to get rid of nits, resort to folk methods. Some of them are more or less effective, and some are even dangerous.
It is highly not recommended to use kerosene at home for the destruction of lice and nits. As practice shows, there are many unsuccessful examples of the treatment of pediculosis with this remedy.
Among the consequences of the use of kerosene are even chemical burns in children.
Perhaps one of the most effective folk methods in the fight against lice and nits is the use of a vinegar solution.
However, this method can also be unsafe if you do not take into account the proportions of vinegar and water.
This remedy is just not very effective against adult lice, but it helps a lot in the fight against nits, making their shell more fragile and weakening the strength of the attachment to the hair. As a result, it becomes much easier to comb out the larvae.
The use of vinegar at home becomes more effective in combination with the use of chameric water, which just has an excellent effect on adult parasites.
The combined use of vinegar and chameric water followed by combing will have a double blow to the parasite population.
The use of folk remedies at home suggests that the procedures will most likely have to be repeated repeatedly, until the parasites are completely eliminated.
The vinegar solution is prepared in this way:
It is best for these purposes not to use vinegar essence at all to avoid possible injuries.
The solution is applied to dry hair. It is better to try to avoid getting vinegar on the scalp. To do this, you can wet your hair along the entire length with a vinegar-soaked towel.
After that, the entire mass of hair should be packed under a plastic cap to avoid evaporation of vinegar and make the procedure more effective.
It is necessary to withstand such a mask on the head from 20 to 60 minutes, depending on the degree of damage by parasites.
As mentioned above, the procedure can be divided into two stages:
Modern means give many opportunities to get rid of nits at home.
It is necessary to strictly follow the instructions and be attentive, then pediculosis will quickly give up its position and leave the family alone.
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